Minimally Invasive Surgery

Minimially Invasive Surgical Procedures Performed by the Expert Surgeons of Stafford Surgical Specialists

Laparoscopic surgery has revolutionized the specialty of general surgery and has paved the way for minimally invasive surgery. Minimally invasive surgery (minimal access surgery) involves using a laparoscope and laparoscopic instruments to perform a wide array of surgical procedures.  A laparoscope is a fiberoptic lens smaller in diameter than the adult human finger (5mm and 10mm scopes). When this lens is connected to a high-resolution digital camera, the resulting images have exceptional clarity and detail. Many disease processes within the abdomen can now be managed laparoscopically, whereas in the past, these were dealt with using large incisions. A laparoscope can be placed into the abdomen through a small incision (usually 5-10mm) and allow the surgeon to examine the abdominal organs by viewing the images on an HD video monitor. The surgeon may then choose to place additional access ports (5mm or 10mm in size) through which laparoscopic instruments can be placed.

The surgeon may then proceed with the necessary surgical procedure using these fine instruments, continually monitoring with the laparoscope. The minimally invasive surgery approach results in less discomfort after surgery by avoiding the larger incisions and trauma to the abdominal wall used in conventional surgery. For this reason, laparoscopic procedures have become known as minimally invasive procedures.

Laparoscopy first became incorporated into general surgery in 1989. Following success with laparoscopic cholecystectomy (removal of the gallbladder ) in Europe, surgeons in the USA began perfecting this technique as well. Today, the vast majority of gallbladder surgery is performed laparoscopically. As skill and confidence with laparoscopic techniques have increased, so too has the number of procedures approached this way. Our surgeons at Stafford Surgical Specialists have extensive training in minimally invasive surgery and techniques, and perform the majority of their procedures in this manner. Below are some examples of surgical procedures commonly approached laparoscopically by the expert weight loss surgeons at Stafford Surgical Specialists::

  • Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy – removal of gallbladder
  • Laparoscopic Gastric Banding – morbid obesity, restrictive band
  • Laparoscopic Gastric Bypass – morbid obesity, intestinal bypass
  • Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy-morbid obesity, partial stomach removal
  • Laparoscopic Hiatal Hernia Repair – repair of the diaphram
  • Laparoscopic Fundoplication – treating gastroesophageal reflux disease-GERD
  • Laparoscopic Inguinal Hernia Repair – hernias of the groin
  • Laparoscopic Ventral Hernia Repair – midline abdominal wall hernias
  • Laparoscopic Colon Resection – removal of part of colon
  • Laparoscopic Liver Biopsy – if not feasible percutaneously
  • Diagnostic Laparoscopy – for acute or chronic abdominal pain
  • Laparoscopic Lysis of Adhesions – dividing scar tissue to relieve pain/obstruction
  • Laparoscopic Appendectomy – removal of the appendix